Senior Athletes Susceptible to Foot Problems
During the summer months, athletic and recreational programs are in full swing. Despite the differences among the sports, seniors are susceptible to foot injuries. Here are some of the more common things senior patients need to know regarding foot care tips for tennis, golf and running.
Tennis is particularly stressful on your feet because of the quick starts and stops and lateral movements from side to side. Common tennis foot problems include ankle sprains, stress fractures, plantar fasciitis and tennis toe.
Foot Care Tips: If you have weak ankles or history of sprains, wear a simple ankle brace inside your shoe.
Select a stable tennis shoe that is not too rigid and provides flexibility to perform. The shoe should provide durable toe support. Custom orthotics are recommended to provide arch and joint support. Proper warm-up and stretching are also important. These actions will help flexibility, relieve foot pain, and extend playing time.
Golf is stressful on your feet and ankles because of excessive walking up and down hills.
Common problems for golfers include: tendonitis, capsulitis and ligament sprains and pulls that keep the golf enthusiasts off the greens. Improper shoes can also cause blisters and neuromas, and other foot and ankle pain.
Foot Care Tips: Walking up and down hills is a normal motion that puts abnormal stress on your Achilles tendon.
Walking on uneven surfaces puts a lot of strain on the tendons along the outer portion of the ankle. If you don’t stretch before hand, you will put a lot of wear and tear on your muscles that may lead to severe tendonitis. If you use arch supports in your shoes, you will be surprised how much better your feet feel at the end of a round of golf.
Gravity tends to come into play more during running and a considerable more stress is placed on your feet. The 26 bones, 33 joints, 112 ligaments and network of tendons, nerves and blood vessels all work together in the foot while running and take on maximum stress. Common foot problems that occur are blisters, corns, calluses, Athletes foot, shin splints, Achilles tendonitis and plantar fasciitis.
Foot Care Tips: Runners should properly condition their body, build a routine and stretch their muscles, tendons and ligaments before and after each run. Proper running shoes are critical. Shoes should provide flexibility in the right places to help with shock absorption. More rigidity is needed in the middle of the foot.
The heel should sit low in the shoe and the cushioned sole should be slightly wider than a walking shoe to absorb impact. Custom orthotics will reduce stress on lower extremities and allow you to run with less fatigue. Keep your feet powdered and dry and wear clean socks. Shoes hold moisture so alternate shoes with each run. If you develop recurring and/or increasing aches and pains, contact a podiatrist to help pinpoint the problem and prevent more serious injury or long-term damage to your feet.
It’s important to consult with your physician before you begin a fitness program. If you are participating in athletic and fitness activities for this summer and feeling pain in your feet or ankles, don’t wait to get it checked out!