It occurs when the foot turns inward and downward. It is a congenital condition, which means it is present at birth.
Clubfoot is the most common congenital disorder of the legs and can range from mild and flexible to severe and rigid.
The cause is unknown, but the condition may be hereditary in some cases. Risk factors include a family history of the disorder and being male
The physical appearance of the foot can vary and one or both feet may be affected.
The foot turns inward and downward at birth and is difficult to place in position. The calf muscle and foot may be slightly smaller than normal.
This disorder is identified during a physical exam. Your doctor may ask for a radiograph of the foot to be taken.
Treatment may involve moving the foot into the correct position and using a cast or splint to keep it there. Treatment should be started as early as possible and ideally, shortly after birth, when the foot is easier to reform.
Gentle stretching and splinting will back each week to improve the position of the foot. Generally requires 5 to 10 splints and the last one will remain in place for 3 weeks. After the foot is in the correct position, the child will use a special brace almost every hour for three months. Then the child will wear the device at night and during naps for up to 3 years.
Often the problem is a strained Achilles tendon and will need a simple procedure to relieve it.
Some severe cases of clubfoot will require surgery if other treatments do not work or if the problem recurs. The child must be monitored by a doctor until the foot is fully grown. The results are usually good with treatment.